Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture (KNUCA)

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Yu. Chоvniuk, PhD, associate professor. National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine,
М. Dykteruk, PhD, associate professor. Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine V. Dovhaliuk, PhD, professor. Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine,, ORCID: 0000-0002-4836-5354 О. Skliarenkо, PhD, professor. Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine, ORCID: 0000-0001-5891-8410

Using Electromagnetic Waves for Controlling the Processes of Moisture Transfer in Materials of Artistic Products

Abstract. In order to control of moisture transfer in museum’s exhibits (for example, in pictures by masters of past centuries, hobbles, sculptures etc.), it is proposed to use the method of electromagnetic energy absorption (UHF – radio frequency range and EHF – range o millimeter waves) with a very low level of heat intensity of these waves. The control of moisture transfer in museum’s exhibits with a help of such method is based on a phenomenon of UHF/EHF electromagnetic waves absorption, when they have non-heat intensity, during the process of transmission of such waves along dispersive systems (canvases of pictures, paints, protective layer on canvases (polish), etc.). This value of absorption is determined by the quantity of free water and by the conductivity of researched object, as well. When canvases are exhibited at museum’s rooms (painting galleries), the volume content of a water in the system and its conductivity are increased, and that’s why they may have such values which can destroy the canvases’ condition of being intact (for example, their materials), there are cracks in a canvases, their bending and so on. All these phenomena destroy canvases during a certain period of time. By the way, UHF/EHF electromagnetic waves of non-heat intensity have such values of it in order to no destroy the exhibit/canvas surface during the act of absorption of incident/reflected electromagnetic search signal in the thin surface layer. The additive moisture transfer into museum’s exhibits is due to the flow of visitors at museum’s rooms (at painting gallery) just during those days when exhibitions are. If one has the stabilization of UHF/EHF energy absorption, which may be obtained with the help of a special control system of microclimate of museum’s rooms, then the process of destroying of canvases/exhibits may be suspended (or may be substantially decreased). The accuracy of determination of absorption parameters of UHF/EHF energy with the help of this method substantially depends on some factors (for example, the working frequency of electromagnetic waves generator, the accuracy of its tuning, the bandwidth of frequency range of emission, etc.). These factors are connected with accuracy of measuring of UHF/EHF signal attenuation (with the help of UHF/EHF reflectometer method) and with characteristic properties of the researching exhibit/canvas.

Key words: working frequency, moisture transfer, museum’s exhibit, painting canvas, UHF electromagnetic waves, UHF electromagnetic waves, non-heat intensity

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