Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture (KNUCA)
VENTYLIATSIIA, OSVITLENNIA TA TEPLOHAZOPOSTACHANNIA
scientific and technical collection
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
О. Skliarenko, PhD, professor Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine, email@example.com, ORCID: 0000-0001-5891-8410
Fossil fuel usage issues and ways to deal with
Abstract. Тhe article discusses the problems associated with the dynamics of growth in the consumption of energy fuels – the shortage of energy resources and the growth of the load on the environment by harmful substances, which are contained in the combustion products of fuel. An analysis of a number of scientific studies shows that it is impossible to reduce the content of harmful substances (SOx, NOx) in combustion products without fundamental changes in the organization of furnace processes. The implementation of these changes is possible through the transition to new principles of combustion of hydrocarbons. The predominant part of the heat-generating equipment of Ukraine is made up of outdated and physically worn-out heat units of the USSR, in which the content of harmful substances and greenhouse gases in the combustion products is many times higher than the maximum permissible according to EU environmental standards. The necessity of modernization of heat-producing equipment with the aim of improving the efficiency of combustion of fuel and reducing the negative impact on the environment is substantiated. Reducing the influence of harmful substances can be achieved through energy saving and modernization of production technologies. Based on the analysis of the development of the power industry, it is shown that the main means of solving the above problems is the implementation of the concept of energy saving and energy replacement. The concept of the National Strategy for Energy Saving and Energy Replacement of Traditional Primary Energy Resources with Alternative Sources is also disclosed. It was determined that the main problem in the world energy sector is not a shortage of energy fuel, but a lack of investment in the energy saving of fossil fuel and its energy supply. Formed energy development until 2025 is based on the use of traditional organic fuels and advanced technologies for processing them into electrical and thermal energy. The environmental threat to the development of civilization comes largely from the technological emissions of energy complexes. Reducing the influence of harmful substances can be achieved through energy saving and modernization of production technologies.
Key words: fossil fuel, polluting emissions, energy resources, energy saving, energy replacement