ВИПУСК 26



Київський національний університет будівництва і архітектури

Logo OpenAccess

ВЕНТИЛЯЦІЯ, ОСВІТЛЕННЯ ТА ТЕПЛОГАЗОПОСТАЧАННЯ

науково-технічний збірник

Завантажити повний текст статті у pdf

Повернутися до випуску 26, 2018

H. Zhuk, Sc.D, Deputy Director, Gas Institute NAS of Ukraine. Kyiv, Ukraine, Hen_Zhuk@ukr.net
К. Predun, Ph.D, professor. Kiev National University of Construction and Architects. Kyiv, Ukraine, 31172@ukr.net


Ecological Aspects of the Biogas Usage from Disposal Sites of Solid Domestic Waste for The Energy Supplyneedsof Ukrainian Residential Areas


Abstract. The engineering infrastructure of settlements of Ukraine is one of the largest consumers of fuel and energy resources. This work is devoted to the study of the effectiveness of measures to replace natural gas with alternative fuels for the needs of power supply of settlements of Ukraine, as well as assessing the impact on the environment of emissions of pollutants together with biogas combustion products. Heat supply systems in the settlements of Ukraine today are an example of inefficient use of fuel and energy resources in the state. Replacement of the main fuel – natural gas – saves local budgets in conditions of decentralization of public administration (due to the difference in prices of natural gas and other organic fuels) for alternative sources of heat sources. At the same time, such measures give a number of other problems. Increasing pollution of the environment is one of them. Polygons of solid household waste, which is one of the elements of the engineering infrastructure of settlements, under certain conditions can be transformed from sources of pollution of the environment to renewable energy sources. During the operation of such landfills, biogas is formed, the main components of which are methane and carbon dioxide. From the point of view of energy efficiency, the most suitable is the use of biogas as a fuel in cogeneration units or gas turbines for the production of electric and thermal energy. The ecological aspects of the use of such biogas in comparison with the traditional natural for the needs of housing and communal services are investigated. On the basis of the performed calculations, the values of natural gas savings and reduction of atmospheric air pollution are determined. The implementation of these measures will reduce the consumption of traditional natural gas for the needs of the heat supply of settlements.


Key words: heat supply, energy efficiency, natural gas, biogas, waste landfill, cogenerationy


Refernces (MLA)


  1. Obsiahy vykorystannia hazu 2017. http://www. naftogaz.com/www /3/nak web.nsf/0/8B3289E9F4B2CF50C2257F7F0054EA23?OpenDocument&Ex pand=7&
  2. Dyrektyva Yevropeyskoho parlamentu ta Rady 2012/27EU «Pro enerhoefektyvnist». http://saee.gov.ua/sites/default/files/UKR_ Directive_27 2012_2l
  3. Zakon Ukrayiny «Pro enerhetychnu efektyvnist budivel». 2118-VII.2017.
  4. Еnеrhеtychnа strаtеhіia Ukrаiny nа pеrіоd dо 2035 rоku “Bezpekа, еnеrhоеfеktyvnist, kоnkurеntоsprоmоzhnіst.” Kabinet Міnіstrіv Ukrаiny, 2017.
  5. Zakon Ukrainy «Pro vnesennia zmin do Zakonu Ukrainy «Pro elektroenerhetyku» shchodo stymuliuvannia vyrobnytstva elektroenerhii, vyroblenoi z vykorystanniam alternatyvnykh dzherel enerhii». 1804-VIII. 2017.
  6. Piatnychko O. I., Zhuk H. V., Hrytsenko A. V. ta insh. Dosvid utylizatsiyi zvalyshchnoho hazu v enerhetychnykh ustanovkakh v Ukrayini. Ahrar Media Hrup, 2015.
  7. Kodeks hazotransportnoi sistemy. http://zakon.rada.gov. ua/go/z1378-15
  8. Krushnevych T. K., Pyatnychko A. Y. "Izvlechenye metana iz biogaza poligonov i podacha ego v magistralnyi hazoprovod." Tekhnicheskie gazy, no. 3, 2006.
  9. Pyatnychko A. Y., Yvanov Yu. V., Zhuk H. V., Budnyak S. V. "Absorbtsyonnoe yzvlechenyya metana y dyoksyda uhleroda yz byohaza." Ekotekhnologii i resursozberezhenie, no. 1, 2012.
  10. Yenin P. M., Shyshko H. H., Predun K. M. Hazopostachannia naselenykh punktiv i obektiv pryrodnym hazom. Lohos, 2002.
  11. Vykydy zabrudniuvalnykh rechovyn u atmosferu vid enerhetychnykh ustanovok. Metodyka vyznachennya. HKD 34.02.305-2002. Vydavnytstvo «KVITS», 2002.
  12. Vyznachennya obsyahiv vykydiv statsionarnymy dzherelamy. http://www.visnuk.com.ua/ua/news/id/3138
  13. Predun K. M. "Ekolohichni aspekty vykorystannya alternatyvnykh palyv dlіa potreb teplopostachannіa naselenykh punktiv Ukrainy." Upravlinnya rozvytkom skladnykh system: Nauk.-tekhn. zbirnyk, Iss. 33, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, 2018, pp. 179-184.